Volume 12, Issue 56 (2024)                   CFL 2024, 12(56): 1-41 | Back to browse issues page

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Esmaeili A. Analyzing the Significance of Carpets in Iranian Folk Culture. CFL 2024; 12 (56) :1-41
URL: http://cfl.modares.ac.ir/article-11-70304-en.html
Assistant Professor in Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran. , a.esmaeili@ihcs.ac.ir
Abstract:   (421 Views)
The aim of this article is to examine the position of carpet weaving in folk culture and literature. Its explicit findings indicate that in the folk culture, the philosophy of the emergence and nature of carpet weavers' beliefs and carpet weaving in Iran are expressed as follows: projective, defensive, aesthetic, and palliative. The analysis of rituals such as the “Mi bechkelessen Alasht" related to wool preparation for weaving shows the link between ancient Iranian rain rituals and religious beliefs in the carpet washers of Mashhad Ardahal. In folk literature, references to the most important carpet weaving regions in Iran are made in proverbs, discussing carpet maintenance and the hardships of carpet weavers, while economic aspects of carpets are discussed using specialized carpet terminology, creating various themes and reflecting some customs and traditions. The main themes of Iranian carpet weavers' songs include love, separation from the beloved, the sorrow of exile, the hardship of carpet weaving, describing the beauty of carpets, seeking help from Imam Reza (AS) at work, and wishing for the completion of carpet weaving and pilgrimage to Imam Reza (AS). In myths formed around the theme of carpets and weavings, and in the myth of Solomon's Carpet, one can find heroism with real characters defeating natural elements, and the carpet itself being a mythical element added to the myth by the public. In the myth of "Muffler and Solomon's Son," the element of coincidence leads to the discovery of how the harp is made. All of these instances demonstrate the undeniable significance of carpets in folk culture and literature; the public themselves have created these beliefs, proverbs, songs, and myths, reciting them and being the performers of carpet weaving rituals.
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Article Type: پژوهشی اصیل | Subject: Popular literature
Received: 2023/07/5 | Accepted: 2023/10/15 | Published: 2024/05/19

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