Volume 11, Issue 54 (2024)                   CFL 2024, 11(54): 101-137 | Back to browse issues page


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Atooni B. Examining the Character Similarities of "Farhang Divzad" and "Rostam Yekdas" and Their Influence from Ayari Traditions (Based on Scrolls and Folk Narratives of Shahnameh). CFL 2024; 11 (54) :101-137
URL: http://cfl.modares.ac.ir/article-11-69575-en.html
Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Ayatollah Boroujerdi University, Boroujerd, Iran. , behzad.atooni@abru.ac.ir
Abstract:   (433 Views)
One of the most common topics in Naqali scrolls is the similarities that exist between some fictional characters and subjects, for which several reasons can be listed. One of these reasons is the imitating of narrators and storytellers of famous folktales and characters in the construction of those similar characters and themes. The purpose of this research is to investigate the similarities of two famous characters of Naqali scrolls, namely "Rostam Yekdast" and "Farhang Divzad", which can be seen as a result of Naqali's modeling of the heroes of the adventure stories of folkloric literature. This article, which is done in a descriptive-analytical way using library sources, examines the similarities between Rostam Yakdat and Farhang Divzad in three areas of "appearance features", "actions" and "abilities" and enumerates the types for them. Is. The result of the research shows that with the entry of "official heroic literature" into "popular literature" and the formation of scrolls of Shahnameh, the face and personality of Rostam Yekdat and Farhang Divzad were formed based on the characterization of Ayaran in folk tales; so that in many cases, they are distinct and different from other Persian characters. Of course, cautiously, this hypothesis can also be put forward that due to the fact that Rostam is ahead of Farhang Divzad, her character has played a role as a "model" for the construction of Farhang Divzad.
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Article Type: پژوهشی اصیل | Subject: Popular epic literature
Received: 2023/06/2 | Accepted: 2023/10/15 | Published: 2024/01/21

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