Volume 4, Issue 8 (2016)                   CFL 2016, 4(8): 146-167 | Back to browse issues page

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Shoaee M. Spring and its occasions in Kurdish calendar. CFL. 2016; 4 (8) :146-167
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-11-10446-en.html
Abstract:   (2902 Views)
In Ilam Kurdish culture, like Jalali Calendar, there are 12 months which are completely different from Jalali Calendar months from the viewpoint of beginning time and naming .In this culture there are three months in each season, each of them lasts for 30 days. In Ilam Kurdish Culture the season of the fall is posterior to the summer. Among Iranian ethnic groups, and   especially among Ilam Kurds  which is the focus of this research the spring contains the  most  traditions of chronometry in comparison to three other seasons of the year. None of them contains the various occasions which are found  in spring. The occasions of this season are not equal to  all of the occasions which can be seen  in the remaining season. The beginning and the end of spring for Ilam Kurds are not the same as for solar calendar. The spring and the new year in this region starts from the second day of Bahman with the month of Gia Barik (when the plants are newly grown) and contains the ceremonies of ''Shali Mali'', Ash-i  Keiwanouy-i Awal-i Wahar (the soup prepared by an old woman for the beginning of spring) in 13th day of Bahman ''Shalah o Sheixali'',the Ceremony of Ga Heul (a cow with light red color),''Chel Bera'' (forty  brothers), and  Bezen Gotegah (A goat having sharp-pointed short ears) in 15th of Bahman Occur in this month. The  months of  Gia-Jeman (when the plants start growing) and Nawrouz Mang (the month of the new day) Whose names have been derived from the nature, are the other two  month of spring season with a great deal    of splendid  ceremonies. The 6th of  Ordibehesht  is the day when the spring ends. The five days of Pentad (Panjeh) which are the religious aspect of this calendar, are the delicate points of Kurdish calendar.
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Received: 2015/11/29 | Accepted: 2015/11/29 | Published: 2016/05/21

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